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Seachem Matrix - 4 liter

€56.52
€14.13 / 1 l
In stock
SKU
119-55
Directions

Use 500 mL of Matrix™ for each 200 L (50 gallons*) of water. Matrix™ may be placed in any kind of filter, and is particularly effective in a canister filter. Matrix™ is sufficiently large that no filter bag should be required for most applications. Matrix™ works well in drip tray systems, but you may find that the larger Pond Matrix™ is better suited for such applications.

Surface Area of Matrix, Eheim Substrat Pro, and JBL MicroMec

Two competitors, Eheim (Substrat Pro) and JBL (MicroMec) have advertised their own biological filter media (in both cases, sintered glass) and are claiming larger specific surface areas than our claim for Matrix.

For biological filter media, specific surface area (measured as surface area per gram of material, or surface area per some specified volume of material) is very important. These products provide surface sites for bacteria to attach and do their work. The greater the surface area per gram of medium, the greater the number of bacteria that can attach. Thus a high specific surface area is desirable.

There is a second consideration, and that is the size of the pores in the medium. Generally, with very large pore diameters, we have smaller specific surface area, so that is not good. This generally rules out pores above 10 microns in diameter. But we can go too far in the other direction. If we have a very large number of very, very small pores, then our specific surface area number will be phenomenal, but the medium will not work very well as a biological medium. This is due to physical limitations, specifically too small a volume to support bacterial growth, and the decreasing efficiency of fluid transport (necessary to carry nutrients to the bacteria and waste away from the bacteria) with very small pore sizes. (Small pores still play important roles in physical and chemical processes, such as adsorption.)

BET surface area measurements indicate that Matrix™ contains nearly 10 times the specific surface area of Substrat Pro, and more than 20 times the specific surface area of MicroMec. Practically all the specific surface area of both Substrat Pro and MicroMec are in the range of pore diameters to be biologically useful, while some of the surface area of Matrix is in pores that are reserved for physical and chemical processes, not biological processes. Estimates from two different pore geometries indicate that Matrix contains between 4 to 4.5 times the biologically active surface area of Substrat Pro, and between 8 to 9 times the biologically active surface area of MicroMec.

For a more in depth report on this study, click here.

Directions

Use 500 mL of Matrix™ for each 200 L (50 gallons*) of water. Matrix™ may be placed in any kind of filter, and is particularly effective in a canister filter. Matrix™ is sufficiently large that no filter bag should be required for most applications. Matrix™ works well in drip tray systems, but you may find that the larger Pond Matrix™ is better suited for such applications.

Each filter has three roles in a planted aquarium. In order of importance:

NITRIFICATION
It is the most important! Toxic and algae-causing ammonia in the aquarium must be decomposed. As fast as possible. Billions of bacteria growing in the filter convert ammonia into nitrite and then nitrate.

WATER CIRCULATION
Nutrients (plant food and CO2) must reach the plants. Solid decomposition products should be kept afloat. Good performance is essential.

WATER TREATMENT
Solid decomposition products must be physically removed from the aquarium and decomposed in a filter or removed during cleaning.

For a filter to fully perform all three roles, it must meet several criteria. Ideally suitable to have a bucket of the right size to store the right amount of filter media. The filter material contained in it must be of adequate quality and variety. The pump in the filter must have sufficient capacity. The filter should be easy to clean so that the cumbersome process does not deter the aquarist from regular maintenance. Plus, the filter needs to be reliable; no one wants to flood a living room or office due to a cracked tap or joint.

Read more about our filter guide.

More Information
Name Seachem Matrix - 4 liter
SKU 119-55
EAN 5994460016365
Manufacturer Seachem
Filter Medium Biological

SHIPPING OF EXTRA LARGE, HEAVY PACKAGES
Our main shipping provider - GLS is only delivering our packages up until a certain weight. In some extreme cases - involving shipping of big aquariums, furniture - we will calculate a custom shipping cost, after receiving your order. We will only ship the purchased products after you have confirmed this shipping cost with us.
Please be informed, we charge an extra 10 EUR / aquarium on all aquarium orders for special packaging and care within the shipping fee.

SPECIAL DELIVERY TIMES FOR PLANT ORDERS
Our goal is to deliver the plants as quickly as possible to your address, so we are making regular (two times per week) orders to our manufacturers and will send you the fresh plants with GLS as soon as they arrive to us. We also have a uniquely high stock, with hundreds of plants. Please read our terms and conditions.

SHIPPING OF LIVESTOCK, DANGEROUS GOODS
We would like to inform you that according to the EU regulations we are not allowed to ship live animals or dangerous goods (such as CO2 bottles in example) through our delivery partners. Please note that these can only be picked up at our store. The list of the dangerous goods on sale by Green Aqua can be found here.

ALWAYS INSPECT PACKAGES FOR DAMAGES!
Please protect your purchase by always inspecting the package right after delivery. In case of visible damages on the exterior of the package you will need to sign a written damage form IN THE PRESENCE of the delivery agent! We can only guarantee replacement or resending of any goods if a written damage form or claims form is filled at the time of the delivery! With seamlessly undamaged packages on the exterior, you have 7 days to report any missing or damaged goods from the interior of the package.

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